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Trade secrets

A trade secret is something that a business keeps secret to give it a competitive advantage. Trade secrets can resemble many types of intellectual property such as the composition of matter or a process for manufacturing that is very efficient or gives a superior product. A trade secret could also be a copyrighted material such as a software code that is kept secret.

To maintain rights to a trade secret, a company must be able to show it has taken measures to protect it (e.g. keeping information locked in filing cabinets and behind restricted access doors). Damages for leaking trade secrets can be sought through the courts with a successful lawsuit likely dependent on being able to prove that the discloser of the secret had no right to disclose it.

Industrial designs 

You can obtain proprietary rights to a version of a common, or not so common, object. More information is available via the Canadian Intellectual Property Office.