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Ontario Tech acknowledges the lands and people of the Mississaugas of Scugog Island First Nation.

We are thankful to be welcome on these lands in friendship. The lands we are situated on are covered by the Williams Treaties and are the traditional territory of the Mississaugas, a branch of the greater Anishinaabeg Nation, including Algonquin, Ojibway, Odawa and Pottawatomi. These lands remain home to many Indigenous nations and peoples.

We acknowledge this land out of respect for the Indigenous nations who have cared for Turtle Island, also called North America, from before the arrival of settler peoples until this day. Most importantly, we acknowledge that the history of these lands has been tainted by poor treatment and a lack of friendship with the First Nations who call them home.

This history is something we are all affected by because we are all treaty people in Canada. We all have a shared history to reflect on, and each of us is affected by this history in different ways. Our past defines our present, but if we move forward as friends and allies, then it does not have to define our future.

Learn more about Indigenous Education and Cultural Services

FESNS project summaries

Supervisors
Daniel Hoornweg  Glenn Harvel Hossam Gaber Igor Pioro Lixuan Lu

 

Supervisor name:  Daniel Hoornweg, PhD
Project title:  Urban Systems Monitoring

Summary of research project:  This project looks at a 'day in the life' of a city: energy, water and material inflows; economy; and outflows such as products, wealth and waste. The initiative starts with Oshawa but is scaled to Durham Region, and Greater Toronto. Common data sources will be used (e.g. Environment Canada), as well as establishing machine learning options to acquire data. The information will be presented in an easily usable format. Research will be carried out on what affects material flows (e.g. Covid-19, GHG limitations, food security).

Student responsibilities/tasks:  

  • Review data systems available and obtain data where required, including developing estimates from first-principles.
  • Build and review software systems for presenting the information.
  • Discuss findings with government officials (political and staff).
  • Compare Oshawa, GTA to other urban regions around the world.

Student qualifications required (e.g. courses completed, minimum grades, etc.):

  • Minimum third year completion in FEAS, FBIT, FSC or FESNS program supporting robust analytical skills, data management and acquisition.
  • Interpersonal skills.
  • Sufficient maturity to enable considerable self-managed work.
  • Curious mind and a keen interest in sustainability issues, and how we can best reduce GHG emissions and material use in society.

Expected training/skills to be received by the student:

  • Data acquisition and management skills: What's available for an urban area, how reliable, how much does it vary by day and season.
  • Governing the commons: Which government level is responsible for which service in Ontario. How does it vary and why might it matter?
  • Sustainability priorities: How far from 'sustainable' is our current lifestyle? What are the possibilities and priorities to get us to greater sustainability?
  • Energy and material flows in urban settings: Analyze and quantify.
  • Integrative thinking: How and why do we bring a multi-disciplinary approach to complex (wicked) problems?

 Award available:  Ontario Tech STAR Award or NSERC USRA


Supervisor name:  Glenn Harvel, PhD
Project title:  Development of Methods to Identify Source Term for Nuclear Decommissioning

Summary of research project:  Nuclear power plants (NPPs) in Canada will be decommissioned over the next 30 years. One of the key aspects to a successful decommissioning exercise is knowing the source terms of the Hazards associated with a nuclear power plant. Source terms include both radioactive and non-radioactive elements. The source terms include the standard used fuel, activated water and components from normal operations. It also includes other sources including spills, maintenance, etc. Determining the entire source term is difficult and can involve a lot of labour to capture. The goal of this work is to perform a study on methods to reduce the labour impact of collecting this information.

Student responsibilities/tasks:  The student will perform a literature search on existing methods for identifying the source term at a NPP. The student will explore technical means such as the development of detectors and data means such as the development of advanced search engines for document review. The student will comply with safety rules when in the lab.

Student qualifications required (e.g. courses completed, minimum grades, etc.):

The student needs to have completed 2nd year in a nuclear engineering or health physics related program due to the nature of the radiological work. As the work is research intensive, a strong CGPA is required. Students will also need good communication skills.

Expected training/skills to be received by the student:

The student will:

  • Receive training with respect to decommissioning processes and activities that will be performed in the nuclear industry. This will assist the student in career development as this area will have significant growth.
  • Be introduced to how the nuclear industry collates and records information.
  • Experience training related to data and research search methods.
  • Participate in experiments performed by the graduate students related to nuclear technology, specifically small and medium reactors (SMRs) and decommissioning.
  • Be required to write a report at the end of the summer. Training on report writing and presentation of their work will be provided.

Award available:  Ontario Tech STAR Award or NSERC USRA


Supervisor name:  Hossam Gaber, PhD
Project title:  Radio Frequency atmospheric pressure inductively coupled plasma system design for waste treatment

Summary of research project:  In this project, the development of a radiofrequency (RF) atmospheric pressure inductively coupled plasma torch for waste treatment is considered. It consists of a 1100 W thermal plasma torch with a 40-Liter reaction chamber which will be applied for high purity waste treatment processes. In comparison with other plasma torches, the proposed RF plasma torch is the main step to industrial scale up procedure and high purity waste treatment facility for high risk and hazardous wastes treatment.

Student responsibilities/tasks:  

  • Survey plasma torch technologies.
  • Support modeling and simulation of plasma systems.
  • Engineering design of integration of plasma system with waste treatment chamber.
  • Evaluate waste treatment performance measures.
  • Analyze results.
  • Compile a project report.

Student qualifications required (e.g. courses completed, minimum grades, etc.):

Students who:

  • Have attended electric circuit related courses.
  • Have anunderstanding of:
    • Control systems.
    • Physics fundamentals.
    • Waste treatment approaches.
  • Have the ability to:
    • Conduct modeling and simulation.
    • Conduct experiments with plasma systems.

 Expected training/skills to be received by the student:

  • Plasma physics
  • Waste treatment approaches
  • Plasma modeling and simulation
  • Atmospheric plasma systems

Award available:  Ontario Tech STAR Award or NSERC USRA


Supervisor name:  Igor Pioro, PhD
Project title:  Specifics of thermophysical properties and heat transfer at supercritical pressures

Summary of research project:  SuperCritical Water (SCW) is widely used in thermal power plants, which have thermal efficiency of the Rankine cycle up to 55%. 96% of modern Nuclear Power Plants (NPPs) equipped with subcritical-pressure water reactors have significantly lower thermal efficiencies (up to 38%). Therefore, increasing thermal efficiency of these NPPs is a very important task.

SC Water Reactor (SCWR) is a Generation-IV concept. The main advantage of NPPs with SCWRs will be higher thermal efficiencies (at least 45%). Therefore, for safe and reliable operation of SCWRs, more information is required on the specifics of thermophysical properties and heat transfer, which are the objectives of the proposed research.

Student responsibilities/tasks:  The student will perform calculations of thermophysical properties, heat transfer and thermal efficiencies.

Student qualifications required (e.g. courses completed, minimum grades, etc.):

  • Courses completed: thermodynamics and heat transfer.
  • Min grades: A-.
  • Knowledge of MS Office is required.

Expected training/skills to be received by the student:

  • Knowledge of:
    • Using NIST REFPROP software.
    • Using DE-TOP software.
    • Generation II and IV reactors.

Award available:  Ontario Tech STAR Award or NSERC USRA


Supervisor name:  Lixuan Lu, PhD
Project title:  Online Performance Monitoring of the Instrumentation and Control Systems in Small Modular Reactors

Summary of research project:  Small Modular Reactors (SMRs) research and development are gaining more and more momentum in recent years, due to their inherent passive safety feature, economic design, and load following capabilities. A feasibility study of potential development of SMRs in Ontario is well underway. This opens up great opportunities for advanced Instrumentation and Control (I&C) techniques to be explored, in order to accommodate more advanced features associated with modern digital I&C systems, including the online monitoring capabilities. In this undergraduate summer research project, the student will have a chance to explore this much needed research area.

Student responsibilities/tasks:  

  1. Perform an extensive literature survey on advanced Instrumentation and Control for Small Modular Reactors.
  2. Write a survey paper for the International Conference on Nuclear Engineering conference and if the paper is accepted, prepare to present the paper at the conference.

Student qualifications required (e.g. courses completed, minimum grades, etc.):

  • Good technical writing skills.

Expected training/skills to be received by the student:

  • Basic graduate research skills.
  • Become an expert in the subject area of SMR I&C.

 Award available:  Ontario Tech STAR Award or NSERC USRA