Skip to main content
Ontario Tech acknowledges the lands and people of the Mississaugas of Scugog Island First Nation.

We are thankful to be welcome on these lands in friendship. The lands we are situated on are covered by the Williams Treaties and are the traditional territory of the Mississaugas, a branch of the greater Anishinaabeg Nation, including Algonquin, Ojibway, Odawa and Pottawatomi. These lands remain home to many Indigenous nations and peoples.

We acknowledge this land out of respect for the Indigenous nations who have cared for Turtle Island, also called North America, from before the arrival of settler peoples until this day. Most importantly, we acknowledge that the history of these lands has been tainted by poor treatment and a lack of friendship with the First Nations who call them home.

This history is something we are all affected by because we are all treaty people in Canada. We all have a shared history to reflect on, and each of us is affected by this history in different ways. Our past defines our present, but if we move forward as friends and allies, then it does not have to define our future.

Learn more about Indigenous Education and Cultural Services


A patent is a right granted by a country to the inventor to prevent anyone else from making, using or selling the inventor’s invention. Inventions can take the form of specific devices (e.g. widgets) chemical compositions (e.g. composition of matter), processes or specific uses of things.

To be patentable, an invention must satisfy three criteria:

  • novel—must be completely unknown in the public domain prior to patent application approval.
  • non-obvious—must be non-obvious to someone skilled in the art.
  • useful—relates to the ability of the invention to theoretically do something, in contrast to an abstract concept.

Additional information about patents:

  • Must be applied for in each country separately and patent rights only extend to the area where a patent is granted (e.g. a U.S. patent does not give the inventor the right to stop the invention's unauthorized use in Canada).
  • Can be expensive, as it not only involves filing fees from the local patent office, but the fee to have a patent attorney write a defendable application.
  • No guarantee that a patent will be granted.
  • Applications are published about 18 months after filing and generally are in effect for about 17 years after issue.
  • Due to the cost of patenting and the public disclosure of an invention, the choice of a patent as protection for the basis of a business depends on the anticipated value of the invention and its length of life in the market. A high value (multimillion dollars in annual sales), but short-lived product is most appropriate for patent protection.

Online resources available for searching through published patents and patent applications, include: